When Vice President Mike Pence, who presided over the vote, exited the Senate, he was booed and heckled by onlookers outside until he ducked into his limousine. Chief Justice John Roberts administered the Constitutional oath, and retired Justice Anthony Kennedy administered the judicial oath, according to a Supreme Court statement, "so that [Kavanaugh] can begin to participate in the work of the court immediately".
Kavanaugh's nomination, one of the most contentious in USA history, had roiled Washington and the US political scene for weeks, with Kavanaugh accused by a woman of sexually assaulting her when both were high school teenagers more than 30 years ago, allegations that in the end did not derail the appointment of the appellate court judge one level up to the high court. U.S. president Donald Trump had nominated Kavanaugh on July 9, 2018, as a replacement of Associate Justice Anthony Kennedy.
"This has been terrifying, her family has been through a lot", Ford's lawyer, Debra Katz, told MSNBC's Kasie Hunt.
"It's a big day for the country, a big day for the administration and a big day for the Republican Senate", McConnell said. It led to scenes of public anger, culminating in shouting protesters being removed from the Senate's visitors' gallery during the vote.
Dr. Christine Blasey Ford has accused Kavanaugh of sexually assaulting her in 1982.
Senator Collins - a moderate Republican from ME - said Mr Kavanaugh was entitled to the "presumption of innocence" as the allegations against him were not substantiated with corroborating evidence.
Kavanaugh's nomination seals a conservative majority on the nine-seat high court, possibly for decades to come.
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Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., suggested that the GOP's base voters could reward them with strong turnout for standing by Kavanaugh in the face of sexual assault allegations that prompted protests and outrage from both sides of the political aisle. She said it is an attack on women's rights and so much more.
Butterfield - who served for a year on the North Carolina Supreme Court after then-Gov. Joe Manchin of West Virginia, announced they, too, would support Kavanaugh.
A few Republican senators who had wavered over whether to vote for Kavanaugh finally backed him this week, saying they did so in part because a brief FBI investigation found no corroborating evidence of Ford's accusations.
Mr McConnell added: "The energy level is high".
All the while, crowds of demonstrators - mostly Kavanaugh opponents - ricocheted around the Capitol's grounds and hallways, raising tensions, chanting slogans, interrupting lawmakers' debates, confronting senators and often getting arrested.
The divide into separate camps has been on vivid display among protesters inside the US Capitol - but it is also playing out more subtly in the rest of the country. But they were not immediately visible in the area around the legislature.
Despite her opposition to Kavanaugh, Murkowski ultimately withdrew herself from the final tally as a gesture of goodwill toward her Republican colleague, Sen.