On Tuesday, hundreds of people in Tel Aviv marched and blocked traffic after Israeli forces fired on largely unarmed Palestinian protesters in Gaza on Monday, killing around 60 people and injuring hundreds more.
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu hit back at Erdogan, with a tweeted jibe in Hebrew that as a leading supporter of Palestinian Hamas "there's no doubt he's an expert on terror and slaughter". "I suggest he not preach morality to us".
"By confirming the transfer of its embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, the United States destroys the peace process between Israel and Palestine and pushes the conflict of both peoples towards a bloody confrontation", the South American leader tweeted hours after the USA government opened its new diplomatic headquarters in Israel.
He called for renewed and genuine global efforts to find a just and lasting solution to the conflict, based on the existence of two states, Israel and Palestine, within the framework of the relevant United Nations pronouncements.
At least 2,400 others were wounded in the bloodiest day in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict since the 2014 Gaza war.
The protest kicked off with a rally near Grant Park, on Michigan Avenue near Congress, with participants chanting "from the river to the sea, Palestine will be free!" and "Hey Netanyahu, what do you say?"
After President Trump's announcement past year, the Czech Republic has said that Jerusalem is the "capital of the State of Israel, in its 1967 borders".
Hours later, Israel responded by expelling the Turkish consul in Jerusalem.
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Downing Street has warned the violence in Gaza, which has so far seen 58 Palestinians killed by Israeli troops, is "destructive to peace efforts".
"When we talk about peaceful resistance, we are deceiving the public", Zahhar said.
"This can't be a community that supports violence and occupation", she said.
"It is unthinkable that while people are drinking champagne in Jerusalem, others are dying in Gaza", Noga Malkin, an activist with the left-wing movement Standing Together, said to the crowd.
French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian described the situation as "explosive" and criticised the United States for unilateral acts in the region and Israel for what he said was an unjustified level of violence.
One Middle East official told us that the U.S. is not an objective broker of peace - and called on Europe to step up to the mark.
"There is no way to identify who is who, and this is why Hamas is using those civilians - women and children - to cover its terrorist action and its attempt to destroy the barrier we are building", he said.
US Ambassador Nikki Haley defended Israel, however.
Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas called the new embassy "a USA settlement in East Jerusalem".