Earlier, Iranian Ambassador to the Kingdom Hamid Baidinejad stated that in the event of a U.S. withdrawal from the nuclear deal his country will stop participating. The US in turn committed to remove sanctions and to seize impeding business with Iran.
"My own sense is that what the Trump administration wants out of this is to pressure the Europeans to help them be more aggressive against Iran in Syria and Yemen".
US and European diplomats have met several times to consider supplemental agreements or other potential improvements to meet Trump's demands.
Iran's ballistic missile program was purposefully never part of the deal; as the United States learned during the Cold War, trying to throw every problem into the same pot would have assured no agreement could ever be reached.
Trump has until May 12 to decide whether to reimpose economic sanctions on Iran.
The French Foreign Ministry said the inspection regime under Iran's agreement "is one of the most exhaustive and robust regimes in the history of nuclear non-proliferation". Would a withdrawal put the U.S.in violation of a United Nations resolution? That's viewed with intense skepticism by outsiders. North Korea has also reportedly said it would be willing to give up its nuclear program if the USA pledged to not attack - though that seems less than encouraging given that the US made that pledge in 2005 and the regime moved ahead with nuclear weapons development anyway. "Whether they will get something out of that they see sufficient as a justification for backing down is hard to guess", he said.
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Washington should honor its commitments under the deal, otherwise should accept responsibility for the consequences of withdrawal from it, he added. But Tehran said on Thursday that this, too, would be unacceptable. While the Security Council might not agree, the US would veto any resolution saying Iran is in compliance.
"When there's imperfect clarity businesses hesitate and Iran loses", said Maloney of the Brookings Institution.
Trump has threatened to scrap the nuclear agreement as soon as 12 May if Britain, France and Germany do not agree to wholesale changes.
In a call with Rouhani late last month, Macron and his Iranian counterpart agreed to work together to try to preserve the accord. However, this has been forgotten about by some and officials are still prioritising trade relations with Iran.
Beyond generally weakening Iran's military capabilities, hard-liners in particular are concerned that negotiating over the country's missile program will allow for a gradual spillover of Israel's sporadic attacks on Syria, which generally avoid global condemnation.
Trump gave Britain, France and Germany a May 12 deadline to fix what he views as the deal's flaws - its failure to address Iran's ballistic missile program, the terms by which inspectors visit suspect Iranian sites, and "sunset" clauses under which some of its terms expire - or he will reimpose US sanctions. "It would be a pity to lose it as a result of something that could at the end of the day be considered a rough patch".