"We want to see a world that is free of nuclear weapons, but our nuclear policy needs to be rooted in the reality of the world we live in, where aggressive regimes like North Korea threaten us and our allies with their pursuit of illegal nuclear and ballistic weapons".
Underlining the policy is the idea that a nuclear exchange between the United States and Russian Federation could be limited to the least destructive weapons in both countries' nuclear stockpiles.
The NPR is used to determine the role of nuclear weapons in the security strategy of the US.
"This is a response to Russian expansion of their capability and the nature of their strategy and doctrine", Defense Secretary Jim Mattis wrote in the 75-page summary of the sweeping review, which also highlights USA concerns about North Korea, Iran, and China. Russia hopes that the USA will soon provide explanations for a number of ambiguous lines in its new nuclear strategy, Russian ambassador to Washington Anatoly Antonov told reporters.
The Pentagon-led review of the USA nuclear arsenal and the policies that govern it was ordered by Trump a year ago. The Russian Foreign Ministry denied the accusations in the report and said that Moscow was ready to work constructively with Washington over arms stockpiles.
Russian Federation is developing a torpedo equipped with a nuclear warhead described as a "doomsday weapon" in a new Pentagon report.
The U.S. Nuclear Posture Review outlines the Pentagon's nuclear goals under Trump and is the first time since 2010 that the administration has spelled out how it foresees nuclear threats in the coming decades.
On Friday, the Pentagon issued a policy statement, known as Nuclear Posture Review (NPR), focusing on development and deployment of smaller atomic bombs, according to local media.
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Right now, the United States has a conventional military advantage over Russia, and that has caused the Russian government to consider using tactical nuclear weapons "because they may have no other alternative in a conventional conflict", Saunders said.
"The concept is a horror of the Cold War", said Adam Mount, a senior fellow and director of the Defense Posture Project at the Federation of American Scientists, adding it was created due to "overblown Russian worries that US missile defenses will make their missile forces obsolete".
But it specifies that extreme circumstances also could include "non-nuclear strategic attacks" including those on the "U.S., allied or partner civilian population or infrastructure", as well as "on USA or allied nuclear forces, their command and control, or warning and attack assessment capabilities".
U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. Nikki Haley said the NPR will allow the U.S.to remain "flexible and well-prepared for the unique threats we face today". Congress will have to determine whether such systems are worth funding and, if so, how to afford them given the massive and growing costs of modernizing just the existing triad of nuclear systems deployed by the United States.
"Programs for new nuclear weapons would follow our adversaries into a world where nuclear competition is commonplace".
Raising the profile of nuclear weapons in our defense plans comes at a time when the disastrous consequences of even limited nuclear use is becoming even more apparent.
Being more specific does not mean the threshold for nuclear usage is lowered.
The update will include long range and sea-launched missiles.